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Kasbah d'Agadir Oufella

Fauna and flora

The protected site was included in the perimeter of classification defined by the Vizier Decree of December 31, 1942 (23 hija 1361) (BO N°1543 of February 26, 1943) and the Dahir of March 23, 1944 (27 rebia I 1363) published in the BO of April 28, 1944.

Building protection zone (1929-32) to nature (1942-44)

Heritage and the quality of the living environment are today essential tools for those responsible for towns and regions.
Identity factors for the inhabitants, they contribute to their social integration and serve as a lever for economic and environmental development.
For Agadir, the perimeter of the heritage site classified as of 1932 (Dahir of July 30, 1932, 25 rebia I 1351) will extend to the whole of the citadel from 1942 to 1944, by a succession of Cherifian Dahirs relating to areas of protection (easement area and non-aedificandi areas) around the built heritage, including the natural heritage.

They are further reinforced after the earthquake by a preventive seismic zone (Dahir n°1.60.290 of January 17, 1961). The site’s heritage development project, understood in its entirety, thus shares the objectives of the Urban Development Master Plan (SDAU) for Greater Agadir.

The biodiversity corridor integrated into the access trails reinforces the idea of extended protection and a protected area of land that is largely forest land. This safeguarded perimeter should be extended today by integrating the need for secure access and rapid evacuation. A buried and invisible service platform is envisaged, as well as a partial burial of any cable car station facilitating public access to a heritage site overlooking the bay of Agadir offering a unique panoramic view.

Schéma Directeur d'Aménagement Urbain du Grand Agadir SDAU Grand Agadir
The mountain in the sea

botanical trails and heritage beacons

Argania Spinosa

The botanical trails are dotted with educational devices allowing you to learn about flora and fauna while walking through various monuments or listed buildings, from the Kasbah to the cisterns, passing through the tombs and the sharij (basin) of the Kasbah, as much heritage beacons now highlighted and replaced in an ecological and historical context.

Together, they constitute the natural park covering a medieval port which has now become a regional metropolis.

Nearly 29 perennial species have been identified, many of which are endemic: Argania spinosa (Sapotaceae), Acacia gummifera (Mimosaceae), Euphorbia beaumierana (Euphoribaceae), Senecio anteuphrbium (Chenopodiaceae), Warionia saharae (Solonaceae).